Monday, August 24, 2020

Whole Foods Market Input Analysis

The Firm’s Strategy One of the significant tricks being sought after by the firm is the separation. The firm embraces the separation methodology regarding item arrangement so as to upgrade its upper hand. Actually, the firm has guaranteed that all its business forms including items are one of a kind to the industry.Advertising We will compose a custom appraisal test on Whole Foods Market Input Analysis explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The significant driver for the procedure is the expanded ability of the business partners and workers as far as aptitudes and capacities (Whole Foods Market, 2013). In addition, the serious edge relies upon the degree wherein the firm’s business forms are led. As it were, the firm cautiously chooses various brands of things that are exceptionally esteemed by the clients. Be that as it may, profoundly esteemed items pull in significant expenses. Entire Foods comprehends the affectability of costs. In that capacity, the firm offers its excellent food items at reasonable costs that customers can bear. The blend of value and reasonable costs is one of the best upper hands to the firm (Whole Foods Market, 2013). As showed, Whole Foods is unique in relation to the significant rivals as far as the readied food brands. The firm offers a wide assortment of arranged suppers for lunch, supper and desert (Martin, 2008). Customers have the alternatives of eating on the premises or take out. Entire Foods exploits the expanding number of customers that typically have their suppers on the premises as top of the line purchasers will in general search for methods of controling spending in the midst of a troublesome financial circumstance (Martin, 2008). Additionally, the retail location lean towards the unique brands for the normal significant luxuries found in the greater part of the stores. Since the firm has a limited specialty of clients and few contending stores are found in many regions it works, Whole Food s can without much of a stretch sweep and comprehend the market. The systems are the fundamental benefactors of the firm’s higher net revenues (Martin, 2008). How the Strategy is Aligned to Porter’s Generic Model According to Porter’s nonexclusive powers model, procedures are activities that help in the development of insusceptible spot in the business (Porter, 1998). As it were, techniques are activities that builds the organizations upper hand in the business in which it works. As indicated by the model, the procedures can be either cautious or offensive.Advertising Looking for appraisal on business financial matters? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Defensive techniques regularly appear as the business and spot the firm to adapt to its qualities and shortcomings (Porter, 1998). Then again, hostile methodologies changes the hidden reasons for the serious powers and as such changes the earth wherein the fi rm works. Doorman proposed three expansive and standard methodologies that the firm can use to create solid faultless circumstances just as increment its upper hand. The techniques incorporate cost authority, separation and the concentration or the specialty procedure (Porter, 1998). The firm’s approach fits legitimately with the separation technique of the Porter’s model. As indicated by the model, the separation procedure implies offering administrations, items and brands that are interesting to the business (Porter, 1998). Basically, the separation technique necessitates that the firm makes own market specialty. Ways to deal with the separation procedure incorporate differing item structures, brand picture, assortment of highlights and the new innovation (Porter, 1998). Every one of these methodologies have been applied by Whole Foods to make its item marks along with serious costs to make its own market specialty. The separation system has contributed enormously to the development of the firm in a profoundly serious industry. Truth be told, the separation approach has protected the firm from the serious competition through the making of brand dependability and decrease of value flexibility of interest by making customers to be less touchy to the value changes of the item (Martin, 2008). In addition, the uniqueness of the items have made hindrances and the decrease of substitutes, which in actuality, has prompted higher edges and diminishes the requirement for minimal effort advantage (Martin, 2008). Additionally, higher edges empower the firm to deal with persuasive providers. Truth be told, the technique has empowered the firm to ease the buyer’s power since barely any choices are accessible to the buyers (Whole Foods Market, 2013). The Firm’s Inputs According to the consistent model, hierarchical information sources are going from the earth to the techniques applied by the firm (Nadler Tushman, 1980). Inside the continuum are sources of info, for example, assets and the firm’s history.Advertising We will compose a custom appraisal test on Whole Foods Market Input Analysis explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The assets accessible to the firm incorporate human capital, mechanical applications, budgetary capital, data just as other immaterial resources. Plus, while technique is viewed as the most significant contribution to the model, it shapes the connection between the referenced sources of info and the framework system of the whole firm’s change process (Nadler Tushman, 1980). As per the model, natural data sources are factors that are outside the organizations impact including things that originate from a foundation or industry, people, bunches just as occasions (Nadler Tushman, 1980). Basically, the ecological data sources must impact the association. For this situation, the firm’s natural sources of info incorporate industry innovative work, providers and above all natural food purchasers. Correspondingly, assets incorporate all advantages that the firm can get to. The assets incorporate both human and money related capital just as data. Likewise, assets incorporate immaterial resources, for example, acknowledgment by the market specialty. For the most part, the asset inputs are wide and typically applied by the firm to create the ideal result (Nadler Tushman, 1980). As far as the information history, past choices, exercises and conduct are considered as more noteworthy exertion to achieve the current wanted outcomes. Basically, these components must impact the current hierarchical activities. Entire Foods is known for its conventional quality natural food contributions, which the firm adventure to expand its upper hand. Regardless of whether the Inputs are Congruent to the Strategy According to the compatible model, the firm’s system is the surge of choices concerning the way wherein the sources of info or the authoritative assets are changed to address the issues of the customers. Furthermore, methodologies are including the way the firm’s assets are designed to manage impediments just as possibilities accessible to the firm inside the setting of the examples of the past conduct (Nadler Tushman, 1980). So as to achieve the ideal outcomes, the sources of info need to fit inside the systems. Basically, adjusting the firm’s contributions to the methodologies is basic for expanded execution and success.Advertising Searching for evaluation on business financial aspects? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More As demonstrated, the compatible model contends that the information sources must be adjusted to the methodologies so as to build execution (Nadler Tushman, 1980). At the end of the day, the degree of execution would rely upon the level of congruity of the firm’s contributions to the technique. For this situation, the asset inputs fit significantly to the firm’s system. Entire Foods has utilized every one of its assets so as to guarantee expanded upper hand. At the end of the day, the data sources are adjusted to the firm’s procedure to accomplish the ideal upper hand. Basically, the firm’s assets are profoundly used to expand the presentation of the methodology. Truth be told, the firm has guaranteed that every one of its assets are adjusted to the key objective of guaranteeing expanded upper hand. As it were, the firm’s assets extraordinarily fit with the organization’s technique. In addition, the firm has completely used its HR to accomplis h the ideal item marks. So also, the capital assets including money related and different resources have been completely used to guarantee that the specific and one of a kind food items are delivered to meet the customer needs. The objective clients’ adequacy of the items affirms the congruity of the assets to the methodology. The ecological information sources accessible to the firm including customers have a more prominent level of congruity to the technique of separation. The separation procedure targets expanding the objective client esteem. Inside the setting of Whole Foods Market, customers and providers are considered as individual information sources. The commitment of the providers and purchasers stays basic in the item advancement and conveyance. Be that as it may, regarding providers, the separation methodology has guaranteed an exceptional decrease of supplier’s power, which thus has brought about expanding the firm’s execution. Basically, the firmâ €™s natural assets are exceptionally compatible to its methodology. Be that as it may, the history inputs genuinely fit with the present separation methodology. The firm scarcely uses its recorded assets in the assurance of the present item contributions. All things considered, a portion of the viable choices that were made before structure the premise of the present procedure. References Martin, A. (2008, August 2). Entire Foods searches for a new picture in lean occasions. The New York Times. Recovered from https://www.nytimes.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Why SEO is Key to Increasing Amazon Sales

Is Amazon SEO a piece of your web based promoting methodology? Today, any business that sells items and has an online nearness can’t bear to disregard the shopper reach of Amazon. Website optimization for Google and Bing is as yet significant, yet the main goal for some, purchasers is really Amazon’s web crawler. Here, we’ll take a gander at why Amazon SEO ought to be a piece of youroverall content procedure. Advantage From Amazon’s Unique Search Engine The distinction between the web crawlers of Google and Amazon is the thing that makes Amazon such an incredible stage for organizations. Individuals looking on Amazon are ordinarily prepared to-purchase customers, so there’s more extension to advance the advantages of your items inside item portrayal watchwords. This is rather than Google, where you’re commonly attempting to fabricate brand mindfulness and teach potential clients. As per Amazon, 81 percent of snaps are for brands that appear on the main page of results, so the way to prevailing on Amazon is to improve the rankings of your item postings. Amazon’s A9 calculation positions postings as indicated by item significance and deals execution, so your two fundamental objectives ought to be to make applicable item depictions and augment your Amazon deals rank. Become familiar with what moves you have to make with these fundamental SEO techniques to build your Amazon deals. Ascend Above the Competition with Amazon SEO Rivalry is wild on Amazon, with a large number of merchants advancing comparative items over the stage. Be that as it may, you can stick out in the event that you realize how to ascend to the highest point of Amazon indexed lists. With the correct methods, you can rapidly improve changes and Amazon rankings. Arrive at a Ready-to-Buy Audience Numerous buyers start their quest for items on Amazon, not Google. On Google and other web indexes, searchers are commonly searching for motivation and data about items. Individuals on Amazon realize what they need and are prepared to make a buy. This makes it considerably progressively imperative to rank high on Amazon. The initial hardly any positions are seen by progressively potential clients and are bound to prompt a deal. With a large number of every day guests, Amazon gives you the one of a kind chance to arrive at these base of-the-pipe clients in a moment. Get your item depictions right and you’ll arrive at new clients and appreciate rehash buys from fulfilled clients. Lift Your Amazon Sales Rank The Amazon deals rank, which is likewise alluded to as the â€Å"Amazon smash hit ranking† is as yet misconstrued by numerous organizations. In straightforward terms, it shows the overall ubiquity of an item in a particular class. For instance, if your posting is positioned at number 10, nine items in a similar class have higher deals. While nobody knows precisely how the Amazon deals rank is determined, numerous advertisers concur that later buys appear to score higher in results. Deals positions are additionally determined at various frequencies, contingent upon how high the business rank is for an individual item. The way to expanding your Amazon deals rank is by all accounts to reliably produce a greater number of deals than your rivals, which again comes down to utilizing something like date Amazon SEO techniques. This includes performing watchword inquire about and enhancing your item depictions in light of the fact that the words and language you use can significantly affect your Amazon rankings. The Bottom Line The principle takeaway is that on the off chance that you need to expand your deals and develop your business through Amazon, you have to find a way to build your Amazon deals rank. This includes making upgraded Amazon content †particularly item depictions †to arrive at target clients and increment item deals. At the point when you hit the nail on the head, you can appreciate more traffic and a steadier salary. On the off chance that you need assistance making convincing and enhanced item depictions, Constant Content has a large number of independent publicists on reserve to support your business and items rank higher on Amazon.

Friday, July 17, 2020

Tips for Coping With Withdrawal Nausea and Vomiting

Tips for Coping With Withdrawal Nausea and Vomiting Addiction Coping and Recovery Overcoming Addiction Print Nausea and Vomiting From Drug Withdrawal When to Seek Medical Help and Other Symptoms By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on November 20, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD on November 20, 2019 Tom Merton/OJO Images/Getty Images More in Addiction Coping and Recovery Overcoming Addiction Methods and Support Personal Stories Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Unless you go through a very gradual tapering process, usually under medical supervision, withdrawal symptoms are a normal and expected part of coming off alcohol and drugs. Two common withdrawal symptoms are nausea (a feeling of sickness in the stomach) and vomiting. Withdrawal nausea and vomiting are uncomfortable and unpleasant symptoms that occur among people who have been addicted to some drugs, particularly alcohol and opiates, or even after a period of intense substance use. Symptoms may range from mild to severe. How to Cope The following strategies can help control withdrawal nausea and vomiting: Pepto-Bismol (bismuth subcarbonate) may help ease withdrawal nausea and vomiting.Acupuncture can help relieve withdrawal nausea and vomiting symptoms.?? If you cant get an acupuncturist to visit, you can stimulate the point associated with relieving nausea by pressing or gently massaging the area on your wrist about two inches down from the crease at the base of your hand, just between the tendons. This point is called pericardium 6, or P6 for short.One of the main risks with vomiting is dehydration, so get plenty of water or other clear drinks.Fluid loss is not the only problem with dehydration; you also risk the loss of electrolytes, particularly if you also have diarrhea. Drinking rehydration fluid, which is available from drug stores, can help you avoid this. You can also add one teaspoon of sugar and one teaspoon of salt to two liters of water to make up your own inexpensive rehydration fluid.You may prefer to avoid food intake until the initial acute withdrawal phase has passed , although for some drugs, such as opiates, this may last several days to a week. When you feel able to eat, choose bland foods, such as white toast, white rice, and bananas, and avoid spicy foods. When to Seek Medical Help Remember, although nausea and vomiting are a normal part of withdrawal, if nausea or vomiting symptoms continue, they could indicate another underlying condition such as  pregnancy, food poisoning, migraine headaches or peptic ulcer. See your family doctor if withdrawal nausea and vomiting symptoms have not ended a week after discontinuing drug or alcohol use to rule out or treat these other possible causes. The wear and tear caused by repeated vomiting may result in vomiting blood. However, blood in your vomit could indicate a very serious medical condition. Therefore, if you see any blood in your vomit at any time, you should seek medical attention immediately. Other Symptoms of Alcohol Withdrawal Alcohol withdrawal can also cause other symptoms, including: DepressionAnxietyNightmaresMood swingsFatigueJitterinessClouded thinkingIrritabilityHeadacheIncreased heart rateClammy skinSleeping problemsTremorAppetite lossPalenessSweating As with nausea and vomiting, if these symptoms dont go away after you have stopped using alcohol or drugs for a week or so, they could indicate another medical condition, and you should see a doctor. Ongoing feelings of depression or anxiety, or severe, uncontrollable mood swings may indicate that you have another mental disorder which may require treatment. Delirium Tremens: A Severe Form of Alcohol Withdrawal Particularly if alcohol use has been severe and prolonged, a more severe, and potentially deadly, form of alcohol withdrawal can occur called delirium tremens.?? Symptoms usually start 48-96 hours after your last drink and may include: FearConfusionAgitationProblems focusingMood swingsHallucinationsDeliriumFeverChanges in blood pressureRapid heart rate If you or someone you love has any of these symptoms after stopping alcohol use, this can be a sign of a medical emergency, so you should seek treatment immediately.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Morality in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 787 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2019/05/15 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Huckleberry Finn Essay Mark Twain Essay Did you like this example? The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was written by Mark Twain in 1884. Twains book tackles many societal issues including slavery, racism, and morality. Throughout the book, Twain shows Huck in positions where he has to make moral choices between what he believes in and what society thinks is right. His stance on these topics is fairly clear, however his subtle nudges towards morality with Huck is what makes the moral of this novel so pure. Twains portrayal of the characters myriad of moral issues demonstrates the theme of morality in the novel. During the first chapters of the novel Twain shows Huck making many poor judgment calls and poor moral choices. There was a myriad of instances when Huck had to face inner moral battles. Twain show that Huck has to choose between what he believes in and what is fit for society, however as the book goes on to about chapter 4, Huck makes a stand to stop an instance where he may have to lie. Huck talks to the judge and asks: Please take it, says I, and dont ask me nothing- then I wont have to lie (Hawthorne 18). Here Huck tells the judge to take his money. He asks him not to ask questions about why and to just take it so that when asked about it he would not have to lie. This shows the moral change Huck starts to possess as this story progresses. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Morality in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" essay for you Create order Twain also shows an exponential growth with Huck when he and Jim run off together. Twain shows the connection that the two grow toward each other. When they find a dead man on a boat than Jim covers the body in order to hide the horrifying sight from Huck. Huck, in turn, starts to feel compassion for Jim and slaves near the end of the book. Huck tries to protect and hide Jim as much as possible, but still has the feeling that he should turn him in. When thinking about Miss Watson, Huck thinks that he did the wrong, even evil, thing by not turning Jim in. Conscience says to me, What had poor Miss Watson done to you that you could see her nigger go off right under your eyes and never say one single word? What did that poor old woman do to you that you could treat her so mean. (Twain 91). Here Twain shows that Huck asks himself why he took Jim from Miss Watson. He wonders what she ever did to him. He begins to think that taking Jim was hurting Miss Watson in a very bad way. With this he still decides to keep helping Jim and decides not to turn him in. This shows that turning Jim in is what society would have wanted but not I how twain shows Hucks moral growth in the story. We see another example of moral choices when Huck and Tom help Jim escape. While they could have just let Jim out and helped him escape, they decided that they needed to make him work for his escape. They wanted to make the escape adventurous like in Toms books. In the book Tom says: It dont make no difference how foolish it is, its the right way and its the regular way. And there aint no other way, that ever I heard of, and Ive read all the books that gives any information about these things. (Twain 245). Huck was very hesitant about this idea but decided to go along with it because Tom said it would be fun and that it was the only thing to do. They make Jim do many crazy and even cruel things. They want Jim to write a journal on an old tee-shirt using blood as ink. They even think of ways to smuggle in nails, so he could cut himself to write with the blood. They even want Jim to carve inscriptions into the walls of the shed with a nail, which is worse for two reasons: Jim cannot read or write, and it would take him years to finish. To make matters worse Tom Sawyer knew the whole time that Jim was thactually free. Huckleberry Finn was a very fun and adventurous book filled with many instances of moral questioning. Huck showed growth in this area and also in his personal connections with people around him. His adventures with Jim were at times fun, sad, and scary all the same time. Even though society wanted Huck to think a certain way. Huck stuck to what he thought was right and what he felt was the best thing to do. Twains writing and telling of the story is like nothing Ive ever read before and I would definitely read this again.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Is Breast Cancer - 937 Words

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second leading cause of cancer-related death among women in the United States. Up to 6% of breast cancers are advanced or metastatic at the time of diagnosis, requiring chemotherapy1, 2. Aberrant, accelerated growth is a hallmark of cancer3, including breast cancer. The rapid expansion of treatments targeted to aberrant cell growth – for example, cell cycle targeted chemotherapies for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer – allows for precise targeting of specific alterations in tumor cell proliferation pathway with the goal of reducing tumor cellular proliferation and increase tumor cell death while minimizing toxicities associated with chemotherapy. The growing application of†¦show more content†¦This review focuses on currently investigational cell proliferation imaging PET radiotracers to evaluate tumor proliferation in the setting of cell cycle targeted chemotherapy and endocrine therapy for meta static breast cancer. We review the underlying biology associated with cancer proliferation and cell cycle-targeted drugs, followed by a review of the mechanistic underpinnings of cell proliferation tracers, and finally, their application to therapy targeted to aberrant breast cancer proliferation. Cell cycle and proliferation control: Enhancing endocrine therapy with combination with cell cycle targeting agents Proliferating cells must progress through 4 phases of cell cycle to divide (G1, S, G2 and M); however, they may exit cell cycle and enter quiescence (G0) when stressed or deprived of their biological stimuli (for example in breast cancer with estrogen deprivation)7, 8. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) play a key role in controlling cell cycle progression. Among these kinases, CDK4/6 is the key regulator of G1 to S transition by controlling transcription of genes necessary for cell cycle progression. 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Ece 6604 Final Exam Free Essays

Georgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering ECE6604 Personal Mobile Communications Final Exam Spring 2010 Tuesday May 6, 11:30am – 2:20pm †¢ Attempt all questions. †¢ All questions are of equal value. †¢ Open book, open notes, exam. We will write a custom essay sample on Ece 6604 Final Exam or any similar topic only for you Order Now 1a) 5 marks: The LCR at the normalized threshold ? for a 2-D isotropic scattering channel can be expressed as v 2 LR = 2? fm ? e , where ?= ? and Rrms = R ?p = R Rrms E[? 2 ] is the rms envelope level. i) Find the normalized threshold level ? o at which the LCR reaches its maximum value. i) Explain why the LCR at ? decreases as ? deviates from ? o . 1b) 5 marks: Consider a cellular system with a carrier frequency of 2 GHz. Suppose that the user is in a vehicle travelling at 60 km/h. Assuming that the channel is characterized by 2D isotropic scattering, ? nd i) the LCR at the normalized level ? = ? 3 dB. ii) the AFD at the normalized level ? = ? 3 dB. 2) The power delay pro? le for a WSSUS channel is given by ? gg (? ) = 0. 5[1 + cos(2 /T )] , 0, 0 ? ? ? T /2 otherwise a) 3 marks: Find the channel frequency correlation function. ) 4 marks: Calculate the mean delay and rms delay spread. c) 3 marks: If T = 0. 1 ms, determine whether the channel exhibits frequencyselective fading to the GSM system. 3) Cellular CDMA systems use soft hando? , where the transmissions to/from multiple base stations are combined to give a macro-diversity. Here we consider the e? ects of path loss and shadowing and ignore multipathfading. Suppose that the received signal power corresponding to the link with the ith base-station, ? pi , has the probability density function p? pi (x) = v dBm) (x ? pi (dBm) ) 1 exp ? 2 2 2 2 . where pi (dBm) = E[? pi (dBm) ] The ? pi are assumed to be statistically independent. a) 5 marks: The reverse link uses selection combining such that the best basestation is always selected. In this case, ? s p (dBm) An outage occurs if ? s p = max ? p1 (dBm) ? ? th (dBm) , . . . , ? pL (dBm) (dBm) . What is the probability of outage? b) 5 marks: The forward link uses coherent combining such that ? mr(dBm) = ? p1 p (dBm) + . . . + ? pL (dBm) Again, an outage occurs if ? mr(dBm) ? ?th (dBm) . What is the probability of p outage if p1 (dBm) = p2 (dBm) =  ·  ·  · = pL (dBm) ? 4) Consider the reception of a signal in the presence of a single co-channel interferer and neglect the e? ect of AWGN. The received signal power, C , and interference power, I , due to Rayleigh fading have the exponential distributions 1 ? x/C ? ?e C 1 ? pI (y ) = ? e? x/I I pC (x) = ? ? where C and I are the average received signal power and interference power, respectively. a) 5 marks: Assuming that C and I are independent random variables, ? d the probability density function for the carrier-to-interference ratio ? = C . I Hint: If X and Y are independent random variables, then the probability density function of U = X/Y is pU (u) = pXY (v, v/u)|v/u2 |dv . b) 5 marks: Now suppose that the system uses 2-branch selection diversity. The branches are independent and balanced (i. e. , the distribution pU (u) is the same for each branch. What is the probability density function of ? at the outpu t of the selective combiner? 5) Suppose that a system uses selection diversity. The branches experience independent Rayleigh fading. However, the average received bit energy-to-noise ratio on each diversity branch is di? erent, such that ?i = 2? i ? o ? i = 1, . . . , L a) 5 marks: Find the probability density function of the bit energy-to-noise ratio at s the output of the selective combiner, denoted by ? b . b) 5 marks: If DPSK modulation is used, write down an expression for the probability of bit error. Obtain a closed-form expression if possible; otherwise leave your expression in integral form. How to cite Ece 6604 Final Exam, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Teacher Certification Essay Example For Students

Teacher Certification Essay The whole issue of teacher certification is one of great importance and when discussed must be done in a delicate and thoughtful manner. The reason for this increasing importance is because the education of our nations teachers is important to the creation of an ideal education system, which is one of the goals of our national government and State governments. Over the years the whole educational reform movement has become an increasingly hot topic. Reforms in the administration of school systems and in curriculum theory and practice have been asked for and a4re currently being put into effect. Recently, reform of the education of teachers is being added to the lo9ng list of reforms needed. Many reform activists feel that direct changes need to be made on the methods of training and certifying the teachers of our country. Before looking at the reform movement, however, one must first look at the so called problem of inconsistency in teacher certification. In our country today there is a general consistency among the requirements for state certification of teachers. Most states require their teacher institutions to establish a teacher education program that includes coursework and fieldwork. The coursework includes those courses that prepare a student to become a professional teacher and those classes that include major and minor fields of specialization. Fieldwork, which is probably the most important of the two forms of requirements, involves the individual interested in being a teacher going out and observing, practicing, and preparing to enter the educational world as an instructor. There is no argument that all schools in every state has these basic requirements of teacher certification. However, the inconsistency lies within how the numerous institutions go about in teaching hese requirements. We will write a custom essay on Teacher Certification specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Each post-secondary school is given the jurisdiction to choose how they are going to go about meeting these basic teacher certification requirements. For example, many states require a different amount of field hours. An inconsistency can also be seen in the various models of teacher education that are used throughout the nation. Two education researchers, Howey and Zimpher conducted a study on this variety of models in 1989. They came up with three different attempts of teacher training. The first, known as the teachers college model, involves certification students entering a separate chool within a university that is a teachers college. The second approach is called the liberal arts model by the researchers, and is a method that requires and individual to become specialized in a certain liberal arts subject in order to create capable and cultured human beings. The third and final model discussed by Howley and Zimpher is entitled the competency-based model. This method trains individuals in the arts o motivation and understanding. As one can see by this case study, there have been a variety of approaches to teacher certification. An inconsistency can similarly be detected by looking at the various new and innovative ideas in teacher education. Among these include the alternative route, a topic discussed earlier, and the five-year degree program, and issue to be discussed shortly in this section. Altogether, one could state that there is some inconsistency in teacher certification, and this inconsistency brings about a small problem in the educational spectrum of our world. In my opinion, there is no national and universal set of requirements for teacher certification. The variety of different methods and forms of eacher education programs is causing an inconsistency in how teachers are being trained nationwide. When this is realized, the whole issue of reforming teacher certification becomes very relevant to our society. As stated earlier, reforms in the training of future teachers are beginning to really be requested by the general public. Various groups have met to discuss the various issues surrounding the reform movement. Among the most notable are the Holmes Group, the Association of American Colleges of Teacher Education (AACTE), the Education Commission of the States (ECS), and Goodlads group. .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e , .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .postImageUrl , .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e , .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e:hover , .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e:visited , .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e:active { border:0!important; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e:active , .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u4667732c89f80e20d2e2bdd05127fa4e:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Arts and Culture in Colonial America EssayThese various groups and many others have come up with a variety of reforms and new standards that most likely should and will be integrated into the current teacher certification requirements. One certain similarity that all of these recommendations have with each other is that they all call for higher regulations and an increase in the education of future teachers. Many of the group0s called for an increase in providing individuals knowledge on the profession of teachi8ng, and some groups also called for a more intense training in the various fields under a liberal arts education. Increases in the amount f fieldwork required seem s to also be a major issue discussed by the reform groups. The issue of selection under standardized testing was also discussed, with respect to increasing the required SAT/ACT or GRE scores. Finally, the research groups came up with various new ideas involving the creation of professional teaching schools or tiered systems that would require a teacher to go through more training even after they received their bachelors degree. All in all, these reform groups have come up with some very unique and interesting ideas to change teacher certification for the better. It is the best interest f our nation to make changes in our current teacher education program, for, in this case, change would be for the better. To conclude, I would like to take a brief but in depth look at an innovative idea established by the Maine State Department of Education in conjunction with the University of Southern Maine. This program, entitled the Extended Teacher Education Program, involves future teachers continuing on for a fifth year after completing their undergrad uate studies. This fifth year involves the individual taking part in internships. These internships give the future teachers a chance at more fieldwork in order o gain more experiences before they become full fledged teachers. Nonetheless, the results of the initial year of the program seem to indicate that the idea around this new program is a successful one. Those individuals who took part in the program obtained various skills and understandings that all ideal teachers should have. The excellent outcomes of this program leads one to believe that it might be a good idea to implement this structure nationwide. The idea of creating professional schools for teachers has become a popular one in recent times. After all if doctors and lawyers have to go to a professional school, hen shouldnt teachers as well? In conclusion, the issue of teacher training and certification brings up many questions, especially in reference to reforming. The inconsistent and somewhat outdated education of teachers today needs change, in order to create an ideal educational system. Numerous reforms have been discussed and recommended by various research organizations and now is the time to take action and implement some of these reforms before our education systems continue to fall downwards into the depths of degradation. Change I needed and change must come now.